Citrine Energy & Science

A glassy friend of the Quartz and Amethyst, Citrine is a crystal of both prosperity and intuition. Naturally, it is a light yellow in color, drawing upon energy from the sun. Citrine is caring and intuitive, making it the perfect crystal for opening the mind.

Citrine Energy & Science Overview

Crystal Colors


Brazil, France, Great Britain, Madagascar, Peru, Russia, United States






Natural, Tumbled/Polished, Clusters




Solar Plexus



How to Cleanse

Breath Work, Sound Healing, Visualization

Helps with

Promotes prosperity and abundance.

Usage Tip

Genuine citrine is very light in color and also very rare. Most citrine you can buy is darker and actually heat-treated amethyst.

Crystal Overview

Many use Citrine to enhance their financial prosperity, though it is also commonly used to draw out the prosperity of the mind. This crystal is powerful in alleviating the worrying brain and damaged esteem while increasing the value of businesses.

The bright yellow and orange hue of Citrine is created from heat-treated Amethyst, a purple crystal. Naturally, though, Citrine is a light yellow or sometimes clear crystal. It is abundant around the world but found primarily in Brazil, holding deep historic ties to many cultures.

“Citrine is considered to channel the sun’s warmth, its name deriving from the french word for lemon.”

Citrine Crystal Sketch
Citrine Crystal Sketch

History & Origin

Citrine Energy & Science Map
Citrine Energy & Science Map

It is thought that the Scottish used Citrine on their sword handles during the 17th century not only for decorative purposes but for protection as well. During the Artdeco era (between World War I and World War II) Citrine was seen on Hollywood icons in large pendants and jewelry, as its bold color suggested wealth. It is primarily a crystal used for show in fashion.

Most Citrine is found in Brazil, but the country is known to unnaturally heat their crystals to create Citrine. The Ural mountains in Russia have a larger depository of natural Citrine. France and Madagascar each have a heavy supply of the natural crystal, too.

Energy & Healing

Citrine is a crystal of openness, often used by those in healing professions. At times healers work with the crystal to evoke a sense of self-discipline. This can interact with the way the mind and body manifest doubt and low self-esteem. In the same, Citrine can confront underlying issues and help users become more proactive in their personal growth.

Specific mantras used alongside Citrine may include:

“I release the worries of my mind and invite in clarity.”
“I let go of doubts and poor self-esteem. I recover self-disciple and acceptance.”

Boosting Self Esteem

Citrine is grounding. Holding it in each hand when repeating words of affirmation can open the spirit and mind to self-confidence. Allow the crystal to address any negativity surrounding your self-image when working with it in your daily practice. If you are new to the use of crystals, Citrine can be an easy one to integrate into your meditation practice. Keeping the crystal near you in the home or handling it physically allows the body to be affirmed and content.

Opening to Intuition

As an initiator of positive self-esteem, Citrine can be used to revitalize the mind. This crystal has a calming effect on the mind and body, eliciting wisdom. If users have challenges in conveying authentic thoughts and beliefs, Citrine can be used to overcome internal hindrances inhibiting authenticity.

Concentration can be improved with Citrine, too. Where there is inner wisdom and intuition, there is calm and focus: all important values in the practice of meditation. Keeping Citrine near areas where you may work or study can evoke the centering needed to achieve tasks in a timely and uninterrupted manner.

Granting Physical Energy

Sensitive to outside forces such as conflict or environmental changes, Citrine promotes the re-energization needed to handle situations that cause stress and strain on the mind and body. When the physical body is under pressure, spiritual energy and healing is under attack too. This crystal is a wonderful conductor of relief.

Releasing the Past

Citrine encourages movement forward, away from past mistakes and embarrassments. This crystal grants energy to step out of past shame and learn from prior mistakes. It releases sensitivity to unwanted criticism and grants openness to constructive critics. There is a “go with the flow” aspect of Citrine that is important in moving away from unhealthy ingrained habits.

This crystal is optimistic and encourages the spirit to be as well. Stepping away from shameful situations can be difficult. Citrine harnesses the power of the sun to shine a light on where there may be distress in the mind and body.

Promotion of Joy

Citrine is a caring crystal, offering joy and emotional stability. It helps users relieve negative narratives about themselves and find joy in simple things. Citrine can heal the areas of the mind that beat you up and tear down your self-esteem. This crystal promotes happiness and moves users away from negativity in daily encounters. Phobias and fears can be lightened with Citrine too, as it is a crystal of enjoyment.

Citrine Crystal on Onyx
Citrine Crystal on Onyx


A common use of Citrine is in business affairs. Some keep the crystal in cash registers or in the corners of their property to encourage wealth and advancement in fortune. Citrine invites in prosperity and has for centuries.

Using Citrine in your business:

  1. Place one or two crystals in the back of your cash register where transactions occur. This can encourage the growth and wealth of your business.
  2. Keep Citrine near a computer where projects and work take place. Allow the crystal to help you settle into your business and evoke inspiration for greater growth.
  3. Hold the crystal (or keep it near) during business meetings. This use can offer grounding and clarity in ideas and encourage new business ventures.
  4. Place Citrine around the home or business you wish to grow. Keeping the crystal in corners of the property can illicit meaningfulness and manifest prosperity.

Geology & Science

Citrine is a rare variety of the mineral quartz and shares the same chemical formula of SiO2 with other quartz varieties including rose quartz, amethyst, onyx, and jasper.  Citrine is distinguished from other quartz minerals by the color, which can range from yellow to orange to green, and is caused either by inclusions of iron oxide in the mineral, or by incorporation of aluminum and lithium in the crystal lattice itself. 

Tumbled Citrine Crystals on Onyx Background
Tumbled Citrine Crystals on Onyx Background

When using appearance alone to identify, citrine can be easily confused with yellow topaz because of their similar coloring and crystal habit. The easiest way to tell the difference between citrine and topaz is by hardness: citrine has a hardness of 7 on the Mohs hardness scale, where topaz has a hardness of 8. Because citrine has the same hardness as quartz, when scraped against a quartz crystal neither will be scratched. Topaz, on the other hand, will leave a scratch in quartz. Another distinguishing characteristic is the streak: when scratched citrine leaves behind a white powder, while topaz leaves a colorless powder.

Citrine, along with other quartz group minerals, have a hexagonal crystal system characterized by crystals with four axes. Three of the axes are of equal length, forming angles of 120 degrees to each other. The fourth axis is either shorter or longer than the other three, and forms an angle of 90 degrees to the others.  Most citrine that is used as a gemstone is cut for faceting, but natural citrine crystals tend to form in clusters of pyramids, often inside geodes or growing off of a geode base. Inside geodes, citrine can also form what’s called drusy aggregates, a layer of smaller pointed crystals coating the inside. Despite having a strong crystal habit, citrine does not have cleavage, meaning it does not break along planes. Rather, it displays conchoidal fracture, breaking in smooth concave or rounded surfaces.

Citrine Points on Onyx Background
Citrine Points on Onyx Background

Natural occurrences of citrine are very rare. In natural settings, citrine is generally formed when existing deposits of amethyst are exposed to heat.  But most gem quality citrine on the market is actually artificially formed by heating low-grade amethyst or smokey quartz. One way to distinguish between natural and artificially created citrine is by the color– artificial citrine will typically have a reddish tint to it, where natural citrine will not. Most citrine gets its color not from iron oxide inclusions in the mineral, but from the incorporation of aluminum and lithium in the crystal structure. Because of this, the color is somewhat volatile and can be influenced by exposure to heat or radiation.  When natural citrine is heated above 200 degrees celcius it will actually lose its color. Synthetic citrine, on the other hand, will not lose its color when exposed to heat. The color of natural citrine can be enhanced by exposure to x rays or gamma rays.

Several natural variations of citrine can occur depending on the conditions under which they form.  For example, citrine with a distinctive light yellow coloring is also commonly referred to as lemon quartz. In some cases, citrine can also occur with a smokey appearance, similar to smoky quartz. Both citrine and smoky quartz can have aluminum and lithium built into the crystal structure, either resulting in a yellow color of slightly opaque quality, depending on the ratio of lithium to aluminum included. When there is a 1:1 ratio of lithium to aluminum included in the Si02 crystal matrix, the resulting mineral will have a smokey appearance.  The lower that ratio becomes, the more yellow the color becomes. Specimens with an Li:Al ratio of 0.5 will be a light yellow-brown, where those with a ratio of 0.3 or less will be yellow.

Citrine was first used as a gemstone in ancient Greece, sometime between 300 and 150 BC in the Hellenistic age.  It was primarily used as decoration on jewelry and items such as tools, but even then it was not highly prized. Today most gem quality citrine comes from locations such as Brazil, Madagascar, and Russia. Some of the largest and most striking citrine samples have come from the prolific gem producing mines at Minas Gerais, Brazil where very large crystals have grown in igneous pegmatite rocks, as well as in hydrothermal veins and cavities which facilitate well developed crystal growth.

Science Contributors

Trevor Nace

PhD Geologist

Trevor Nace is a graduate from Duke University with a PhD in Geology and is a co-founder of A Crystal Pendulum. Each Geology & Science section is thoroughly fact checked by Trevor and his team.


Citrine is a common crystal used in various forms and situations. It highlights intuition and allows self-centering. In practice with meditation, Citrine may open the spirit and mind to optimism, encouraging one toward the future. This can alleviate strain on the body from past embarrassments and open the spirit to new ventures.

Some use Citrine in business affairs, finding growth and generosity in their companies. Citrine initiates prosperity and can be used in areas of life where growth may be needed. This crystal is said to harness the power of the sun and offer wisdom to those who carry it. Overall, Citrine is a crystal valuable to its collectors as it is historic, open, warm, and generous.

Trevor Nace
Trevor holds a PhD in geology from Duke University and writes regularly on geology, minerals and the environment. Trevor is a co-founder of Crystal Pendulum and manages the science behind minerals.
View all posts by Trevor Nace


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